The fight against stereotypes
One crucial step toward ethical AI is to fight against stereotypes both in the AI workplace, and its products algorithms and data. The Diversity Commission addresses this major challenge.
An algorithm can become "sexist" due to the fact that learning data can be biased. In addition, sexist biases can creep into algorithms, as they are 88% designed by men*. In response to this, biases in data and algorithms need to be detected and eliminated, which is a major research focus of ANITI. But another, equally important solution is to increase the presence of women researchers and engineers in computer science.
Historically, women occupied an important place in computer science, but they are increasingly absent from this field. Moreover, AI is multidisciplinary, from mathematics to cognitive sciences, neurosciences and computer science. Gradually all of these subjects have become more masculinized. The topic Digital studies and Computer Science specialty was chosen in 2020 by 15 to 20% of high school students, of which less than 3% are girls. There are barely 10% female students at the university in computer science.
There are barely 10% female students at the university in computer science. In the end, AI suffers from this lack of female participation**. It is, however, possible to re-interest girls in science in general, and digital in particular. Girls who Code aux États-Unis, rencontrent un grand succès.
For example, schools such as Girls who Code in the United States are very successful. Given this observation, ANITI has set up a commission to contribute to gender diversity in AI. Beyond improving the rate of female presence in ANITI, the aim is to sensitize the general public to the issues of ethical AI and to encourage women of all ages to work in AI fields. * Aude Bernheim and Flora Vincent, Artificial Intelligence: not without them, collection "Equal to Equal",
* Aude Bernheim et Flora Vincent, Intelligence Artificielle : pas sans elles , collection « Égale à Égal »,
** Science, technologie, ingénierie et mathématiques.
À lire : « Plus de femmes dans les STEM : science, technologie, ingénierie et mathématiques. ( journaldunet.com)
The commission initiates and launches actions to combat prejudice about AI and to fight against gender stereotypes. The target is primarily girls and boys in the school environment, because it is known that stereotypes are entrenched from an early age. The commission also aims to increase over time the number of girls in AI professions.
The commission ensures the representation of women in the events in which ANITI participates. It is also vigilant on the gender aspect in the diffusion of scientific culture, such as the creation of an educational game for high school students that includes awareness of bias and a debate on the challenges of an acceptable AI.
These actions are carried out in coordination with the Rectorate, the Region, academic institutions and associations working against inequalities between men and women. In addition, a network of ambassadors 'Mixity in AI' from each partner company of ANITI will be set up and will serve as a relay and force of proposals for all these actions.
Composition de la commission
- Marjorie Allain-Moulet, Co-Pilote Industrielle du programme de recherche IA Acceptable
- Mohamed Kaâniche, Directeur Scientifique Adjoint d’ANITI
- Catherine Dematteïs, responsable de la communication à la Délégation Occitanie Ouest du CNRS
- Mélanie Ducolombier, responsable communication, Université fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées
- Alix Fauque de Jonquières, chargée de communication ANITI, service communication, Université fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées
- Catherine Gadon, responsable service diffusion de la Culture Scientifique et Technique, Université fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées
- Corinne Joffre, Secrétaire Générale d’ANITI, Université fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées
- Gwenael Kaminski, chargé de mission, service diffusion de la Culture Scientifique et Technique, Université fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées
- Florence Sedes, IRIT, Présidente du groupe « Femmes et Informatique » de la Société Informatique de France ; et de Femmes et Science Occitanie Toulouse
- Chantal Soulé-Dupuy, directrice de la Graduate School d’ANITI
- Nicolas Viallet, directeur opérationnel d’ANITI, Université fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées